Simple and accurate LOS function for BlitzMax

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(Added Gbox's function as a new article.)
 
m (I don't think category + subcategory are both needed at the same time.)
 
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== Simple and accurate LOS function ==
 
 
 
By [[User:Gbox|Gbox]]
 
By [[User:Gbox|Gbox]]
  
<pre><nowiki>
+
Setup:
'// Code is [http://www.Blitzbasic.com BlitzMax]
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This fuction assumes you have Type (Or struct) For each map cell And your map
 +
is an array of this Type.
 +
 
 +
Example:
 +
  Type tMapcell
 +
  Field InLos '// This flag is set true if the player can see the cell.
 +
  Field HasSeen '// This Flag is when the player has already seen this cell before.  
 +
  Field BlockVision '// This flag is set for things like walls and doors, otherwise its false.
 +
  End Type
 +
 
 +
  Global Map:tMapCell[MAPWIDTH,MAPHEIGHT] '// the map
 +
 
 +
For this code example we'll assume a Type called tMonster. Monsters in the dungeon are of this type and so is the player.
 +
 
 +
Example:
 +
  Type tMonster
 +
  Field X
 +
  Field Y
 +
  Field Vision '// this is how many tiles can be seen in any direction from center
 +
  End Type
  
Function UpdateLOS(m:tMonster, UpdateMap:Int = True)
+
This Method is Not the fastest, but it's easy To implement And work very well. I dont detect  any kind of performance decrease when using this function.
If m = Null Then RuntimeError("Null in LOScheck!")
+
It works by drawing a filled circle 360 deg around the player And marking map cells that are in LOS.
Local XX:Int, YY:Int '// Clear LOS flag from previous //
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There are more than 360 Steps in the circle because just using 360 would Create gaps in the vision at a distance.
For xx = 0 To MAPWIDTH - 1
+
the fractional amount gives better resolution. [0.1 causes LOS To sometimes seep though doors, >= 0.2 creates gaps. 0.18 seems the sweet spot.
For yy = 0 To MAPHEIGHT - 1
+
The Code is in BLitzMax (a derivitive of Basic made For games. [www.blitzbasic.com]) but should be easy To translate.
If Map[xx, yy].InLOS = True Then
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Map[xx, yy].HasSeen = True '// HasSeen cells are marked dark
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Map[xx, yy].InLOS = False
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EndIf
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Next
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Next
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For Local angle:Float = 1 To 360 Step 0.18 '// fractional amount gives better resolution [0.1 causes sight though doors, > 0.2 creates gaps. 0.18 seems the sweet spot
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The code:
Local dist:Int = 0
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Local x:Float = Float(m.X) + 0.5 '//M.x and M.y are player/monster current map location
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Local y:Float = Float(m.y) + 0.5
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Local xmove:Float = Cos(angle)
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Local ymove:Float = Sin(angle)
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Repeat
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x = x + xmove
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y = y + ymove
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dist = dist + 1
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If dist >= m.Vision Then Exit  '// M.vision is the range of sight
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If X >= MAPWIDTH Then Exit
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If y >= MAPHEIGHT Then Exit
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If x < 0 Then Exit
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If y < 0 Then Exit
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Map[x, y].InLOS = True
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If Map[x, y].BlockVision Then Exit '// Map[,].Blockvision is for walls/closed doors ect
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Forever
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Next
+
  
End Function
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  Function UpdateLOS( m:tMonster )
</nowiki></pre>
+
  If m = Null Then RuntimeError("Null in LOScheck!")
 +
  Local XX:Int, YY:Int
 +
  '//
 +
  '// Loop through the entire map resetting the LOS flag
 +
  '//
 +
  For xx = 0 To MAPWIDTH - 1
 +
  For yy = 0 To MAPHEIGHT - 1
 +
  If Map[xx, yy].InLOS = True Then
 +
  Map[xx, yy].HasSeen = True '// Mark the cell as previously seen [drawn in dark colors]
 +
  Map[xx, yy].InLOS = False
 +
  EndIf
 +
  Next
 +
  Next
 +
 
 +
  For Local angle:Float = 1 To 360 Step 0.18
 +
  Local dist:Int = 0
 +
  Local x:Float = Float(m.X) + 0.5 '// Add 0.5 to simulate looking from the center of the tile.
 +
  Local y:Float = Float(m.y) + 0.5
 +
  Local xmove:Float = Cos(angle)
 +
  Local ymove:Float = Sin(angle)
 +
 
 +
  Repeat
 +
  x = x + xmove
 +
  y = y + ymove
 +
  dist = dist + 1
 +
  If dist >= m.Vision Then Exit
 +
  If X >= MAPWIDTH Then Exit
 +
  If y >= MAPHEIGHT Then Exit
 +
  If x < 0 Then Exit
 +
  If y < 0 Then Exit
 +
  Map[x, y].InLOS = True
 +
  If Map[x, y].BlockVision Then Exit
 +
  Forever
 +
  Next
 +
  End Function
 +
[[category:FOV]]

Latest revision as of 08:51, 22 March 2009

By Gbox

Setup: This fuction assumes you have Type (Or struct) For each map cell And your map is an array of this Type.

Example:

 Type tMapcell
 	Field InLos		'// This flag is set true if the player can see the cell.
 	Field HasSeen		'// This Flag is when the player has already seen this cell before. 
 	Field BlockVision	'// This flag is set for things like walls and doors, otherwise its false.
 End Type
 Global Map:tMapCell[MAPWIDTH,MAPHEIGHT]	'// the map

For this code example we'll assume a Type called tMonster. Monsters in the dungeon are of this type and so is the player.

Example:

 Type tMonster
 	Field X
 	Field Y
 	Field Vision		'// this is how many tiles can be seen in any direction from center
 End Type

This Method is Not the fastest, but it's easy To implement And work very well. I dont detect any kind of performance decrease when using this function. It works by drawing a filled circle 360 deg around the player And marking map cells that are in LOS. There are more than 360 Steps in the circle because just using 360 would Create gaps in the vision at a distance. the fractional amount gives better resolution. [0.1 causes LOS To sometimes seep though doors, >= 0.2 creates gaps. 0.18 seems the sweet spot. The Code is in BLitzMax (a derivitive of Basic made For games. [www.blitzbasic.com]) but should be easy To translate.

The code:

 Function UpdateLOS( m:tMonster )
 	If m = Null Then RuntimeError("Null in LOScheck!")
 	Local XX:Int, YY:Int
 	'//
 	'// Loop through the entire map resetting the LOS flag
 	'// 
 	For xx = 0 To MAPWIDTH - 1
 		For yy = 0 To MAPHEIGHT - 1
 			If Map[xx, yy].InLOS = True Then
 				Map[xx, yy].HasSeen = True	'// Mark the cell as previously seen [drawn in dark colors]
 				Map[xx, yy].InLOS = False
 			EndIf
 		Next
 	Next
 
 	For Local angle:Float = 1 To 360 Step 0.18
 		Local dist:Int = 0
 		Local x:Float = Float(m.X) + 0.5		'// Add 0.5 to simulate looking from the center of the tile.
 		Local y:Float = Float(m.y) + 0.5
 		Local xmove:Float = Cos(angle)
 		Local ymove:Float = Sin(angle)
 	
 		Repeat
 			x = x + xmove
 			y = y + ymove
 			dist = dist + 1
 			If dist >= m.Vision Then Exit
 			If X >= MAPWIDTH Then Exit
 			If y >= MAPHEIGHT Then Exit
 			If x < 0 Then Exit
 			If y < 0 Then Exit
 			Map[x, y].InLOS = True
 			If Map[x, y].BlockVision Then Exit
 		Forever
 	Next
 End Function
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