Fortran

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Background

Fortran is a general-purpose programming language developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications. The latest Fortran standards 2003 and 2008 added support for object-oriented programming, inheritance, polymorphism, and parallel processing. Libraries written in C can be linked with the iso_c_binding. Interfaces to ncurses, xlib, and OpenGL exist. Some Fortran compilers have Unicode support.

Compilers

Several commercial and open-source Fortran compilers are available for Microsoft Windows, Linux, Unix, and macOS (see Fortran Wiki). GNU Fortran is part of the GNU Compiler Collection, Flang is a Fortran front-end for LLVM. Both support the Fortran standards 2003 and 2008.

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