Field of Vision
Some of the most important features on roguelikes, including the presentation of the area that surrounds the player character, require to check the visibility of an object from a given point on the map. For example, it may be necessary to know which parts of map are visible from the place the player character is standing to draw those parts of map on the screen.
There are basically two ways to achieve this; by using Line of Sight to check all the map squares in range, which is a slow method as it repeats most of the calculations multiple times, or by calculating the Field of Vision as a whole.
Some of the most common approaches to field of vision are:
- Light whole level. Just make everything visible, or at least everything close to the player. Many games use this approach and it seems to work.
- Light whole room. This is the approach used by the original Rogue. You just make the whole room in which the player character is visible, and all other parts of map not visible. When the character is in a corridor, it can only see one square from where he stands, this doesn't require any sophisticated calculations.
- Extremely fast simplified LOS -- Take advantage of the way most roguelike maps are drawn (square rooms connected with corridors).
- FastFOV -- precalculated approximate FOV using a bitwise AND.
- Ray casting
- Shadow casting
- Restrictive Precise Angle Shadowcasting
- Permissive Field of View (new and uncommon)
- Digital field of view (new and unheard of)
- Very simple line of sight pseudo-code.
There are other refinements that can be applied to any approach:
- An Efficient Observation Algorithm may allow fewer squares to be visited.
- libfov is a C++ library made by Blue Puyo, which supports both circular FoV and Beams using Shadow casting
- permissive-fov is a library for both C and C++ written by Jonathon Duerig. It uses Permissive Field of View, and supports arbitrary shaping of FoV using visitation masks. It does not support Beams.
- libtcod is a C/C++/python library which, while not dedicated to fov, contains implementations of basic raycasting, los_rays (a.k.a. diamond raycasting), recursive shadowcasting, restrictive precise angle shadowcasting and precise permissive fov.