D

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== Introduction ==
 
== Introduction ==
  
D is static, compiled language influenced by [[Cpp|C++]]. It was created by Walter Bright, author of the first C++ compiler to compile directly to machine code.
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D is static, compiled language influenced by [[Cpp|C++]]. It was created by Walter Bright, author of the first C++ compiler to compile directly to machine code without using C as an intermediate language.<sup>[''citation needed'']</sup>
  
 
D has an imperative core, but is a multi-paradigm language that includes support for object-orientated, functional, and generic programming.
 
D has an imperative core, but is a multi-paradigm language that includes support for object-orientated, functional, and generic programming.
 
'''NOTE:''' This article will deal with D2, the latest but still-in-development version)
 
  
 
== Advantages ==
 
== Advantages ==
  
* Fast language, with performance comparable to C++ while still being garbage collected by default.
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* Compiles natively with performance comparable to C++ while still being garbage collected by default.
* Interfaces well with [[C]] libraries, without writing boilerplate or using a foreign function interface, though cannot import headers unmodified - see http://www.digitalmars.com/d/2.0/htomodule.html
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* Interfaces well with [[C]] libraries, without writing boilerplate or using a foreign function interface and can import headers unmodified - see https://github.com/atilaneves/dpp. Although C++ interfacing is more limited, it is available (see D Programming Language Specification: Chapter 33).
 
* Has a modern module system, no need to write header files or deal with a preprocessor.
 
* Has a modern module system, no need to write header files or deal with a preprocessor.
 
* Syntax is familiar to C, C++, [[C_Sharp|C#]], [[Java]] etc programmers.
 
* Syntax is familiar to C, C++, [[C_Sharp|C#]], [[Java]] etc programmers.
 
* Supports the functional programming paradigm better than other C-like languages, with features such as closures, delegates, transitive immutability, higher order functions, anonymous functions, and the ability to write compiler enforced pure functions.
 
* Supports the functional programming paradigm better than other C-like languages, with features such as closures, delegates, transitive immutability, higher order functions, anonymous functions, and the ability to write compiler enforced pure functions.
* D2 tries to do the template metaprogramming thing, which C++ supports without really meaning to, in a way that's actually sane to use.
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* Supports the template metaprogramming thing, which C++ supports without really meaning to, in a way that's actually sane to use.
* DMD, the official compiler, is very fast, typically an order of magnitude faster than gcc for C/C++.
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* DMD builds code incredibly fast, making compile-edit-run cycles comparable to dynamic languages. Build automation tools like make, etc. can be used in the same way as they are used in C/C++ projects.
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* Knowledgeable, helpful community (including the D.learn forum for asking questions).
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* Unicode native - call the &#9731;.melt() function, or instantiate a &#128161;!T; the basic string type is UTF-8.
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* A package registry (http://code.dlang.org/)
  
 
== Disadvantages ==
 
== Disadvantages ==
  
* Paucity of tools such as IDE's, editor support, debuggers etc compared to more popular languages.
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* There aren't as many libraries available if you want pure D implementations.
* Documentation is scarce and incomplete (though this is somewhat offset by the knowledgeable community)
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* The language is mostly stable, but still has breaking changes on rare occasions (although these are preceded by deprecation warnings)
* The language is still in development so has some rough edges.
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* Documentation sometimes abstruse or lacking examples; paucity of beginner learning resources.
* DMD, the official compiler, has no 64-bit support.
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* The community is divided between the stable but inactive D1 and the incompatible and still somewhat unstable D2.
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== Compilers ==
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== Compilers/Tooling ==
  
* DMD (official compiler) - http://www.digitalmars.com/d/2.0/dmd-windows.html
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* DMD (reference compiler; bleeding edge feature support) - http://dlang.org/download.html
* GDC (for GCC backend, includes support for 64 bit) - http://gdcproject.org/
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* GDC (GCC backend; strong optimization; targets the most platforms, but generally a bit behind) - http://gdcproject.org/
* LDC (for LLVM backend, includes support for 64 bit) - http://www.dsource.org/projects/ldc
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* LDC (LLVM backend; also strong optimizations, targets almost as many platforms as GDC but generally implements a bit newer version of the language) - http://wiki.dlang.org/LDC
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* Dub (Package manager and build tool) - http://code.dlang.org/download
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* IDEs and IDE plugins - http://wiki.dlang.org/IDEs
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* Editor support - http://wiki.dlang.org/Editors
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* Other stuff (debugging, profiling, fixup, etc.) - http://wiki.dlang.org/Development_tools
  
 
== Roguelike Libraries ==
 
== Roguelike Libraries ==
  
Bindings for [[libtcod]] - http://code.google.com/p/libtcod-d/
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* Bindings for [[libtcod]] - https://github.com/jaydg/libtcod-d
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* Interface to [[Ncurses]] - https://github.com/D-Programming-Deimos/ncurses
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* Bindings to [[BearLibTerminal]] - https://github.com/Elronnd/bearlibterminal-dlang
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* Adam Ruppe's arsd collection (simpledisplay, terminal, eventloop, database, script, etc.) - https://github.com/adamdruppe/arsd
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* Terminal ANSI colour lib - http://code.dlang.org/packages/rainbow
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* Parser for Tiled maps - http://code.dlang.org/packages/dtiled
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* ArmageddonEngine, D library for games, network applications etc. (lots of utility code) - https://github.com/CyberShadow/ae
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* scone - cross-platform terminal application library - http://code.dlang.org/packages/scone
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* [[NotEye|Necklace of the Eye]] includes sample in D.
  
 
== D Roguelikes ==
 
== D Roguelikes ==
  
 
* {{7DRL}} [[Infection]]
 
* {{7DRL}} [[Infection]]
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* {{Alpha}} [[Arcan Myth RL]]
  
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==
  
* [http://www.digitalmars.com/d/ Official Site]
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* [http://www.dlang.org/ Official Site]
 
* [irc://irc.freenode.net/d IRC channel]
 
* [irc://irc.freenode.net/d IRC channel]
* [http://www.prowiki.org/wiki4d/wiki.cgi?FrontPage D wiki]
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* [http://wiki.dlang.org/ wiki]
* [http://www.dsource.org/ dsource]
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* [http://code.dlang.org/ DUB registry]
  
 
[[Category:Programming languages]]
 
[[Category:Programming languages]]

Latest revision as of 22:14, 15 September 2018

Contents

[edit] Introduction

D is static, compiled language influenced by C++. It was created by Walter Bright, author of the first C++ compiler to compile directly to machine code without using C as an intermediate language.[citation needed]

D has an imperative core, but is a multi-paradigm language that includes support for object-orientated, functional, and generic programming.

[edit] Advantages

  • Compiles natively with performance comparable to C++ while still being garbage collected by default.
  • Interfaces well with C libraries, without writing boilerplate or using a foreign function interface and can import headers unmodified - see https://github.com/atilaneves/dpp. Although C++ interfacing is more limited, it is available (see D Programming Language Specification: Chapter 33).
  • Has a modern module system, no need to write header files or deal with a preprocessor.
  • Syntax is familiar to C, C++, C#, Java etc programmers.
  • Supports the functional programming paradigm better than other C-like languages, with features such as closures, delegates, transitive immutability, higher order functions, anonymous functions, and the ability to write compiler enforced pure functions.
  • Supports the template metaprogramming thing, which C++ supports without really meaning to, in a way that's actually sane to use.
  • DMD builds code incredibly fast, making compile-edit-run cycles comparable to dynamic languages. Build automation tools like make, etc. can be used in the same way as they are used in C/C++ projects.
  • Knowledgeable, helpful community (including the D.learn forum for asking questions).
  • Unicode native - call the ☃.melt() function, or instantiate a 💡!T; the basic string type is UTF-8.
  • A package registry (http://code.dlang.org/)

[edit] Disadvantages

  • There aren't as many libraries available if you want pure D implementations.
  • The language is mostly stable, but still has breaking changes on rare occasions (although these are preceded by deprecation warnings)
  • Documentation sometimes abstruse or lacking examples; paucity of beginner learning resources.

[edit] Compilers/Tooling

[edit] Roguelike Libraries

[edit] D Roguelikes

[edit] Links

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